Friday, May 10, 2013

Shortcut commands from Run Menu

Here is the list of commands you can execute from Run menu to get access to various programs.

RUN Commands !

1. Accessibility Controls - access.cpl
2. Accessibility Wizard - accwiz
3. Add Hardware Wizard - hdwwiz.cpl
... 4. Add/Remove Programs - appwiz.cpl
5. Administrative Tools - control admintools
6. Automatic Updates - wuaucpl.cpl
7. Bluetooth Transfer Wizard - fsquirt
8. Calculator - calc
9. Certificate Manager - certmgr.msc
10. Character Map - charmap
11. Check Disk Utility - chkdsk
12. Clipboard Viewer - clipbrd
13. Command Prompt - cmd
14. Component Services - dcomcnfg
15. Computer Management - compmgmt.msc
16. Control Panel - control
17. Date and Time Properties - timedate.cpl
18. DDE Shares - ddeshare
19. Device Manager - devmgmt.msc
20. Direct X Troubleshooter - dxdiag
21. Disk Cleanup Utility - cleanmgr
22. Disk Defragment - dfrg.msc
23. Disk Management - diskmgmt.msc
24. Disk Partition Manager - diskpart
25. Display Properties - control desktop
26. Display Properties - desk.cpl
27. Dr. Watson System Troubleshooting­ Utility - drwtsn32
28. Driver Verifier Utility - verifier
29. Event Viewer - eventvwr.msc
30. Files and Settings Transfer Tool - migwiz
31. File Signature Verification Tool - sigverif
32. Findfast - findfast.cpl
33. Firefox - firefox
34. Folders Properties - control folders
35. Fonts - control fonts
36. Fonts Folder - fonts
37. Free Cell Card Game - freecell
38. Game Controllers - joy.cpl
39. Group Policy Editor (for xp professional) - gpedit.msc
40. Hearts Card Game - mshearts
41. Help and Support - helpctr
42. HyperTerminal - hypertrm
43. Iexpress Wizard - iexpress
44. Indexing Service - ciadv.msc
45. Internet Connection Wizard - icwconn1
46. Internet Explorer - iexplore
47. Internet Properties - inetcpl.cpl
48. Keyboard Properties - control keyboard
49. Local Security Settings - secpol.msc
50. Local Users and Groups - lusrmgr.msc
51. Logs You Out Of Windows - logoff
52. Malicious Software Removal Tool - mrt
53. Microsoft Chat - winchat
54. Microsoft Movie Maker - moviemk
55. Microsoft Paint - mspaint
56. Microsoft Syncronization Tool - mobsync
57. Minesweeper Game - winmine
58. Mouse Properties - control mouse
59. Mouse Properties - main.cpl
60. Netmeeting - conf
61. Network Connections - control netconnections
62. Network Connections - ncpa.cpl
63. Network Setup Wizard - netsetup.cpl
64. Notepad - notepad
65. Object Packager - packager
66. ODBC Data Source Administrator - odbccp32.cpl
67. On Screen Keyboard - osk
68. Outlook Express - msimn
69. Paint - pbrush
70. Password Properties - password.cpl
71. Performance Monitor - perfmon.msc
72. Performance Monitor - perfmon
73. Phone and Modem Options - telephon.cpl
74. Phone Dialer - dialer
75. Pinball Game - pinball
76. Power Configuration - powercfg.cpl
77. Printers and Faxes - control printers
78. Printers Folder - printers
79. Regional Settings - intl.cpl
80. Registry Editor - regedit
81. Registry Editor - regedit32
82. Remote Access Phonebook - rasphone
83. Remote Desktop - mstsc
84. Removable Storage - ntmsmgr.msc
85. Removable Storage Operator Requests - ntmsoprq.msc
86. Resultant Set of Policy (for xp professional) - rsop.msc
87. Scanners and Cameras - sticpl.cpl
88. Scheduled Tasks - control schedtasks
89. Security Center - wscui.cpl
90. Services - services.msc
91. Shared Folders - fsmgmt.msc
92. Shuts Down Windows - shutdown
93. Sounds and Audio - mmsys.cpl
94. Spider Solitare Card Game - spider
95. SQL Client Configuration - cliconfg
96. System Configuration Editor - sysedit
97. System Configuration Utility - msconfig
98. System Information - msinfo32
99. System Properties - sysdm.cpl
100. Task Manager - taskmgr
101. TCP Tester - tcptest
102. Telnet Client - telnet
103. User Account Management - nusrmgr.cpl
104. Utility Manager - utilman
105. Windows Address Book - wab
106. Windows Address Book Import Utility - wabmig
107. Windows Explorer - explorer
108. Windows Firewall - firewall.cpl
109. Windows Magnifier - magnify
110. Windows Management Infrastructure - wmimgmt.msc
111. Windows Media Player - wmplayer
112. Windows Messenger - msmsgs
113. Windows System Security Tool - syskey
114. Windows Update Launches - wupdmgr
115. Windows Version - winver
116. Wordpad - write

Wednesday, April 24, 2013

Security Tab missing in folder properties

If security tab is missing for a folder property, follow below steps to resolve the issue
  1. Go to Tools --> Folder Options --> View
  2. In Advanced Settings, scroll down to bottom till you find "Use simple file sharing (Recommended)"
  3. Uncheck the box and click OK.
Now you can see Security Tab in folder properties

 

Monday, March 11, 2013

Group Policy Troubleshooting Tools

1.     Group Policy troubleshooting tools

 Group Policy processing typically involves complex sets of actions. These apply the necessary policies to users, user groups, and computers within one or more domains in your organization.

Due to the number and complexity of the various overlapping Group Policy processes, Group Policy can be difficult to troubleshoot. So you need a good idea of the processes that are involved and the tools you can use for problem solving.

When a client machine begins to process Group Policy with Windows Server 2008, processing takes place in two phases – core processing, followed by client side extension (CSE) processing.

Core Group Policy processing occurs each time a user logs onto their computer to determine whether the domain controller can be reached, whether changes have been made to any of the Group Policy objects (GPOs), or to verify which policy settings need to be processed.

Once core processing is complete, the core Group Policy engine – responsible for performing core processing tasks – calls on CSEs to start processing the settings that apply to a client. Each CSE then uses its own set of rules to process the various settings in each of the policy setting categories. These categories include Security Settings, Administrative Templates, and Software Settings.

 Because Group Policy applies to both computers and users, Group Policy processes typically repeat. For example, a process may occur once for an individual computer, and again for both the computer and the user currently logged onto the system. Each time a process runs on a computer, the process can have a different set of policies that it refers to.

 There are typically a number of overlapping policies for each process that Group Policy performs. So you may need to use various tools to find the cause of a Group Policy-related problem on the network or within a domain.

 Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) 

You use the GPMC to perform management tasks related to Group Policy. This console is included as a snap-in with Windows Server 2008.You can also use the GPMC to find the cause of problems on your network.

You can use several tools to ensure that your Group Policy settings are consistently available:

 GPOTool

You can use the GPOTool if you suspect that Group Policy information is not being replicated correctly within your domain. It is a command-line tool that is part of the Windows Server 2008 Resource Kit and checks your domain controllers for consistency. You can only use this tool if your domain has more than one domain controller.
GPMC reports

You can use GPMC reports to review all the defined settings in a GPO. The IE Maintenance section of reports indicates whether content ratings and connections are deployed and whether Preference Mode is specified. It also displays the core information for wireless and Internet Protocol Security (IPsec). You can also use GPMC reports to review Resultant Set of Policy (RSoP) that are being applied on a computer to determine a GPO's impact.
 
GPUPDATE command

You can use the gpupdate command to force Windows to refresh local Group Policy settings – including security settings – and Group Policy settings stored in the Active Directory. By using the gpupdate command, you ensure that any changes that were made to GPOs are applied to the network immediately in order to update clients. This can resolve Group Policy issues, such as security-related GPOs that were causing problems because they weren't being applied.

The two kinds of reports you can generate by using the GPMC are Group Policy Results reports and Group Policy Modeling reports.

  • Group Policy Modeling reports enable you to determine the policies that Group Policy will apply for a specific client before the policies are actually applied. You require a Windows Server 2008 domain controller if you want to create Group Policy Modeling reports.

  • Group Policy Results reports show the policies that are already in effect for a client. Or you can use these reports to review information regarding key events that has been logged for policies relating to the client.

When using the gpupdate command to update your Group Policy settings, you can use various parameters with the command.         

For instance, using the /force parameter ignores all processing optimizations and reapplies all settings. By using the /boot parameter with the gpupdate command, you can restart the computer automatically once the Group Policy settings have been refreshed.
2.     Using the gpresult.exe command

 When checking Group Policy for errors, you can use the GPResult tool to gather RSoP data for computers running Windows Server 2008 in your organization. The information you get as a result of using the GPResult tool is similar to using a Group Policy Results report in the GPMC.
Traditionally, running the gpresult command to troubleshoot a specific user or computer's Group Policy settings redirected the output to a text file. With Group Policy in Windows Server 2008, you can now run gpresult and display the output in HTML or XML format.

This enables you to generate an RSoP report, similar to GPMC reports, which include headings to make the results easier to review.

You can run the gpresult command on any computer to which you have access. And by default the command will display results for all the Group Policy settings that are being applied for the computer on which you run the command.

You can use parameters, such as /F, /H, and /X, with the gpresult command to create an RSoP report.

/F You add the /F parameter if you want to force Group Policy to overwrite any files that exist as a result of previous instances in which the gpresult.exe command had been used.

/H You use the /H parameter to instruct Group Policy to display the results of running the gpresult command in HTML format. This automatically changes the file extension of the resulting file to .html.

/X You use the /X parameter to ensure that the results of running the gpresult command display in XML format. This automatically changes the file extension to .xml.